Whatever the age or state of health of a person, eating remains one of the great pleasures of everyday life, and it must remain so for as long as possible.
Indeed, many studies have shown that good nutrition plays an essential role in our physical and psychological well-being and allows us to age in good health.
Unfortunately, it is common for people over the age of 70 not to eat enough and not meet all their nutritional needs.
All about meals for the elderly
What are the nutritional intakes of older people?
A varied and adequate diet is essential for young and old alike. Vitamins, proteins, minerals, and carbohydrates are important to our health and well-being.
Older people often lack certain nutrients. Special attention must, therefore, be paid to feeding them.
The nutrients with the most important role in the body are:
Calcium and vitamin D: essential nutrients for bone health, calcium, and vitamin D are found in a variety of foods, including dairy products. They prevent osteoporosis and fall risks.
Dietary supplements are necessary for people who do not have an optimal intake of calcium and vitamin D.
Proteins: essential for health, proteins are one of the main basic constituents of our body. Currently, 30 to 50 percent of bread meals consumed by the elderly are protein deficient. However, they help preserve muscle mass and are essential to the well-being of our seniors.
The protein-rich foods that must appear in the meals of older adults are meat and fish, dairy products, legumes, nuts and seeds, and eggs.
Fiber: essential, fiber protects intestinal health and lowers cholesterol levels.
Fiber-containing foods include bread, cereals, vegetables, fruits, and legumes
How should meals for the elderly be composed?
With advancing age, the functioning of the body undergoes certain changes such as the duration of digestion.
As a result, the food rhythm of 3 meals, spaced at least 3 hours apart, and one snack a day, allows our seniors to maintain good health.
Breakfast: This Meal is of great importance for the well-being of the elderly, but also of the younger generation. Indeed, it allows the body to replenish its energy after dark.
An ideal breakfast should consist of a cereal product such as bread or rusks, a dairy product, and a fruit or fruit juice.
Lunch: the most important meal of the day, it must contain protein. On the menu: a starter, a dish, a cheese, and a dessert.
Snack: to regulate blood sugar, snack the important step in older adults ‘ meals. It can consist of fruit, a biscuit, a dairy product, and a hot or cold drink.
Dinner: for a good night’s sleep, dinner should consist of cereal products, such as soup, cottage cheese, and applesauce.
It is necessary to provide a small snack, in case of night awakening, to help the elder to recover the sleep easily. This can be fruit from a dairy or a compote.